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CITIZENSHIP ACQUISITION INDICATORS

About CITIZENSHIP ACQUISITION INDICATORS

CITACQ includes information on the following indicators forcitizenship acquisition:

  • ALL: the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
  • SEX: the percentage of foreign-born females and males who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
  • ORIGIN: the percentage of foreign-born persons from EU and non-EU countries whohave acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
  • AGE AT MIGRATION: the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the age at which the respondent took up residence (age groups: 0-17 years; 18-39 years; 40+ years)
  • YEARS OF RESIDENCE (by cohort): the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the number of years of residence (1-5 years; 6-10 years; 11-19 years; 20 + years).
  • YEARS OF RESIDENCE (minimum number of years): the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the number of years the respondent has minimally resided there (at least 5 years; at least 10 years; at least 15 years; at least 20 years).
  • TIME UNTIL NATURALISATION: the numbers of years it takes on average for foreign-born persons to acquire the citizenship of the respective country of residence.

CITACQ indicators have been calculated for 25 European states. We use the following labels for average indicators: EUROPE for all 36 states, EU 15 for the pre-2004 EU member states in our sample and EU 12 for the post-2004 accession states.

EUDO Citizenship Acquisition Indicators have been developed by Maarten Vink (Maastricht University / European University Institute) and Tijana Prokic-Breuer (Maastricht University).

Technical description of dataset:

  • Source: Labour Force Survey Ad Hoc Module 2008 on the labour market situation of migrants and their descendants (Eurostat). See for more information here.
  • Target population: all persons aged between 15 and 74 (or 16 to 74 in countries where the target group for the core LFS is from 16 years old).
  • All numbers presented in CITACQ are based on at least 100 respondents. Where sample size is too small, this is indicated in the dataset by 'na' (not available).
  • Data presented on following European countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
  • In Germany information on country of birth is missing for all respondents. To determine the region of origin (EU or non-EU), we have used the country of birth of the father and/or mother of the respondent ('EU' if either mother and/or father born in EU country).
  • No data available (data not provided by Eurostat): Finland.
  • Data excluded (sample size too small for descriptive purposes): Bulgaria, Malta and Romania.

EUDO Citizenship Acquisition Indicators (CITACQ) compare the rates of citizenship acquisition among foreign-born persons in their country of residence, as well as the number of years it takes on average to acquire citizenship. The information is based on a representative survey (European Labour Force Survey 2008)thattargets immigrants and their descendants between age 15 and 67 and includes important information on the acquisition of citizenship. CITACQ presents data exclusively on foreign-born persons (first generation immigrants) and allows for comparisons of citizenship acquisition rates across 25 European countries.

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